Consultancy for Conducting a Survey based on norms and practices impeding gender equality in Burundian society
- Bujumbura, Bujumbura Mairie, Burundi
Description du Poste
TERMS of REFERENCE
Consultancy for Conducting a Survey based on norms and practices impeding gender equality in Burundian society
1. General information
Program : Gender equality and Women Empowerment program (GEWEP)
Title of the activity : Consultancy for conducting a study on the norms and practices impeding gender equality in BURUNDI
Duration : 50 days
Start date of the consultancy : April 2017
End date of the consultancy : July 2017
Responsible supervisor : Program Quality and Learning Director
This tender invites consultants to apply to support CARE BURUNDI in conducting a study on understanding men’s practices and attitudes as they relate to gender equality, gender dynamics, male identity construction and the impact of men’s use of violence in BURUNDI.
The survey will include household surveys that measure relationships between exposure to violence and gender equality, among other issues, and qualitative research featuring life history interviews about masculinities and trajectories towards non-violence.
The consultancy will run from April 2017 to July 2017. (50 working days)
The deadline for submitting an application is March 30, 2017.
3. Context and background
CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty in 84 countries. The organization carries out development and humanitarian work by placing a special focus on equality and securing women’s rights. As a right based organization, CARE works to attain women’s human rights as an end in itself, but also because it believes that equipped with the right resources, women have the power to help whole families and entire communities escape poverty.
As part of the work on equality CARE has focused increasingly on men’s positive role by engaging with men in challenging power imbalances and promoting positive masculine identities that are supportive of gender equality and women’s rights. In addition, through this work CARE recognizes that men too might experience negative impacts from rigid gender norms.
In spite of tremendous progress towards including gender equality as a global goal—included in numerous UN conventions and the Millennium Development Goals—much progress remains to be made. Men’s violence against women remains a pervasive feature of life in BURUNDI and elsewhere in the world. Increasing attention is being paid to engaging men and boys to end violence against women. Programs have been successfully piloted by CARE Burundi to promote important and positive change in men’s gender-related attitudes and practices, including in reducing men’s use of violence against women.
CARE BURUNDI is seeking to recruit a consultant to conduct a Survey based on norms and practices impeding gender equality in Burundian society to understand men’s practices and attitudes as they relate to gender equality, and the impact on men of participation in violence, gender dynamics and male identity construction in BURUNDI.
The study will consist of both quantitative survey data, as well as qualitative research, consisting of focus group discussions and in-depth individual interviews carried out with community members in the provinces of Bujumbura, Gitega, Kayanza, Ngozi, Kirundo and Muyinga. The qualitative research will focus on exploring men’s lived experiences of manhood, in childhood, as partners and fathers, and men’s perspectives on their male identity.
4. Overall goal of the study
The overall goal of this study is to add to our understanding of men’s behaviors and attitudes and changes in those attitudes and behaviors with regard to promoting gender equality. Results of this study will be used to inform, drive and monitor policy development in promoting gender transformation.
Specifically, the objectives of the survey are to:
v Assess the current behaviors and attitudes of men on a wide range of issues as they relate to gender equality, including fatherhood and care giving (time spent in providing care for children, and others in the home), use of violence in intimate and sexual relationships (sexual, physical and psychological), eating and feeding practices, work life balance, use of health services, negotiation/communication with partner about family size and sexual relations (family planning) among others;
v Compare these results with women’s attitudes and behaviors on the same issues;
v Assess men’s knowledge of and attitudes towards policies that have sought to promote gender equality in Burundi (e.g. employment and political quotas for women, women’s economic empowerment, paternity establishment, gender based violence, among others), and explore, to the extent possible, men’s ideas about what policies and changes in existing policies they think would help them become even more involved in gender equality;
v Explore factors that may explain variation in men’s behaviors in their family lives and intimate and sexual relationships, including childhood experiences of violence, gender norms in family of origin, stress, migration, and unemployment, among others.
v Perceptions on of education patterns for youth regarding norms and attitudes.
v Having self-propositions of men and women about the positive change toward gender.
v Provide recommendations to inform policy and other gender transformation initiatives.
5. General parameters of the qualitative data collection
v Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and individual interviews will be used to gain more in-depth and nuanced understandings of the phenomena whose prevalence is to be measured by the questionnaire. Gaining this understanding before the finalization of the questionnaire will allow the research team to make necessary adjustments to the questionnaire.
v FGDs will serve to generate data on norms that are dominant in society in general. Where individual experiences or attitudes are sought, individual interviews will be used.
v FGDs will serve as discussions between participants, not group interviews.
v The size of FGDs will not exceed 10 people.
v “Key Informants” may include, but need not be limited to, persons of higher status.
6. General parameters for the survey design
The general parameters for the survey design are as follows:
v Minimum 1 500 men (ages 24to 59) and 500 women (ages 24 to 59) in each country using a random household survey in the provinces of Bujumbura, Gitega, Ngozi, Kayanza, Muyinga and Kirundo. To ensure the safety of women, interviews with men and women are not to be carried out in the same household.
v The survey will be carried out in rural areas of the aforementioned provinces and if possible on electronic basis (tablets or other device).
v The duration of the questionnaire is about 45 to 60 minutes depending on the context and the individual respondent;
v Stratified random sampling will be used to ensure the inclusion of adequate sample sizes by socio-economic strata, and if appropriate by religion or other defining criteria.
7. The survey will be designed to be relevant for:
v Couples (men and women who are cohabiting – may either be married or unmarried, but live together); unmarried men and women who are not cohabiting;
v Women and men who have children and those who do not;
v For adult men and women, with the goal of including mostly men and women who are in a relationship, and also have motherhood/fatherhood experience, greater probability of being sexual active, and more life experience on which to base their opinions and attitudes related to gender equality.
8. Specific question topics include:
a) Personal vs family expenditure: Attitudes and opinions on who owns what income, and who decides on expenditure, on what it is ok for a man to spend money on. What is right and proper? What is inappropropriate? Who participate in family budgeting? Do the partners have all sources of income? This will need to be adapted to the actual livelihoods situation of respondents, which is not defined by the presence / absence of a salaried position (EITHER employment OR unemployment), but rather several varied sources of income. This should also include information on whether and how much men actually do work.
b) Education. Educational achievement; perceived gender norms and patterns in school.
c) Childhood experiences. Victimization by violence as children; witnessing of gender-based violence; gender related attitudes perceived in family of origin; changes perceived from previous generation to the present; gender balance in work/child care in family of origin; gender patterns of childhood friendships.
d) Relations at home (in current household). Marital/cohabitation status; division/participation in household chores; perceived satisfaction in family life; household decision making; use of time in specific domestic chores and family care, including child care. The division of labor should include all agricultural work. What is right and proper? What is inappropropriate? Who participate in production (income generating) activities, reproductive activities, social activities? What activities are taboo for men? And for women? Working hours for men and for women.
e) Parenting and men’s relationship with their children (and with non-related children who may live in the household). Number of children; living situation of each child; time/money spent on the care of each child; perceptions/attitudes towards existing parental leave in country; child care arrangements; use of violence against children (psychological, physical, sexual).
f) Food. Attitudes and opinions on how food should be divided within the family, on who has the right to eat what, on eating at home vs eating out, eating with family vs eating alone, on men’s role in feeding the children. What is right and proper? What is inappropropriate?
g) Personal vs household expenditure.
h) Leisure activities. Where and with whom? How much time? Ligala, cabarets, community engagement, activities with other men. What is right and proper? What is inappropropriate?
i) Attitudes towards women and masculinity. Attitudes towards gender equality (using the GEM Scale and other measures); attitudes towards various gender equality policies that may have been implemented. Type of communication used.
j) Health and quality of life. Lifestyle questions (substance use, exercise/fitness, etc.); use of health services, sexual and reproductive behavior (contraceptive use, condom use); STIs/HIV (past history, HIV testing); satisfaction with sexual relations; mental health issues (depression, suicide ideation); social support; use of/victimization of violence in other contexts; morbidity. This section would make ample use of relevant WHO and other UN instruments, including relevant items from the Demographic and Health Surveys.
k) Partner / spousal relations. Current relationship status/satisfaction; use of support services/seeking help in times of violence or stress in a relationship; relationship history.
l) Relationship and gender based violence. Use of violence (physical, sexual, psychological) against partner (using WHO protocol); victimization of violence by partner (using WHO protocol); men’s use of sexual violence against non-partners; men’s self-reported transactional sex, including expenditure on girlfriends.
9. The quantitative data will be useful:
v For awareness raising activities and advocacy nationally and internationally;
v To develop a global database and assessment of men’s behaviors and attitudes with a standardized instrument; (GEM)
v To provide a baseline or benchmark for monitoring changes in men’s behaviors and attitudes in line with various international processes, including CSW agreements and the Millennium Development Goals.
v To inform and guide gender transformative interventions.
Due to the complexity of the instrument, pretesting will be carried out in two moments:
I. with an initial group of 10 to 15 participants;
II. a second pretesting with 25 to 30 men to pretest final translated questions.
11. Data Analysis and Hypotheses
The data analysis will be carried out by the consultant. Analysis includes frequencies, measures of association between relevant variables, and the testing of hypotheses regarding associations and factors associated with men’s behaviors and attitudes.
The results will be disseminated solely by CARE and WFP via published reports, briefing reports, and other means. All the reports/data will be Care and WFP’s properties.
13. Ethical Considerations
The research partners will follow all international country-specific ethical guidelines for sample survey research, including informed consent and safe-guarding of data.
14. Additional Considerations
The purpose of this study is to provide a baseline for further application of the questionnaire in the future, developing a base of comparable national data on the changing behaviors of men and women in a relational perspective, in terms of gender equality.
15. Timeline and expected deliverables
1) Develop a survey questionnaire adapted to the Burundi context
First version of questionnaire in Kirundi (and in the tablets if possible)
2) Pre-testing and finalizing the questionnaire
Pre-test complete in Kirundi
Final version of questionnaire (in the tablet if possible)
3) Train interviewers on the questionnaire
Training workshop completed
4) Overseeing the field survey
5) Qualitative data collection
Field work completed
6) Full transcription
Field team leaders
7) Data analysis and report writing (first draft)
First report draft
8) Collect and integrate feedbacks from different readers
9) Validation workshop and
10) finalise the report
Final report submitted
11) Disseminate the findings
16. Selection criteria
The successful research partner will have a solid track record on the criteria below, with examples of evidence for each.
1) Demonstrable expertise in engaging men, women’s rights, and gender equality;
2) Thematic expertise: engaging men and boys for gender equality, SGBV prevention;
3) Experience of working in French;
4) Geographic expertise in comparable countries in the sub-region;
5) Proven experience in research methodology (design, sampling, analysis, report writing etc.);
6) Experience in setting up program monitoring systems competent in measuring ‘hard to measure’ indicators (i.e. change in behavior);
7) Experience in developing and adapting questionnaires, preferably in the field of engaging boys and young men in gender equality and/or SGBV prevention;
8) Evidence of successful research collaborations in developing countries;
9) Creativity and flexibility in regards to approaches to meet objectives and experience in working in conflict /post-conflict settings and under pressure;
10) Excellent facilitation and training skills to coach teams in research methods, develop monitoring and evaluation systems, and develop training materials;
11) Evidence of successful research collaboration with NGOs and civil society actors.
17. Application process and timeline
We invite interested organizations/consultants to submit the following application documents:
v Expression of interest addressing above outlined selection criteria,
v Technical proposal for the consultancy, including description of work under each sub-section, methodologies and communication means for research and suggested agenda for the research
v Financial offer: budget, including salary, international travel, field expenses and workshops facilitation
v Example or reference to previous similar work
Please send the above documents to the following person:
Karine COUDERT: Karine.Coudert@care.org
Feel free to contact us for any clarification question.
The deadline for applying is March 30 th; 2017. **
Comment postulerPlease send the above documents to the following persons: Karine COUDERT: Karine.Coudert@care.org Jean NIMUBONA: Jean.email@example.com Feel free to contact us for any clarification question
In your application, please specify that you found this opportunity on imaginafrica.net
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